Hosting and its description
What is Web Hosting?
Web hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to post a website or web page onto the Internet. A web host, or web hosting service provider, is a business that provides the technologies and services needed for the website or webpage to be viewed in the Internet. Websites are hosted, or stored, on special computers called servers. When Internet users want to view your website, all they need to do is type your website address or domain into their browser. Their computer will then connect to your server and your webpages will be delivered to them through the browser.
Most hosting companies require that you own your domain in order to host with them. If you do not have a domain, the hosting companies will help you purchase one.
Here are some features you should be expecting from your hosting provider:
- Email Accounts:- As mentioned earlier, most hosting providers require users to have their own domain name. With a domain name (e.g. www.techfestive.com) and email account features provided by your hosting company, you can create domain email accounts (e.g. firstname.lastname@example.org).
- FTP Access:- The use of FTP lets you upload files from your local computer to your web server. If you build your website using your own HTML files, you can transfer the files from your computer to the web server through FTP, allowing your website to be accessed through the internet.
- WordPress Support:- WordPress is an online website creation tool. It is a powerful blogging and website content management system, which is a convenient way to create and manage website. WordPress powers over 25% of websites on the internet. Most hosting providers will tell you right away if their plans are WordPress-compatible or not. The simple requirements for hosting your WordPress websites include: PHP version 7 or greater; MySQL version 5.6 or greater.
How can my online business benefit from a web hosting service?
In order to publish your website online, your business website requires a web hosting service. However, a web host gives business owners more than just web hosting services! For example, web hosting firms typically employ in-house technicians to make sure their clients’ websites are up and running 24/7. Plus, when website owners are in need of help or troubleshooting (e.g. script debutting, email not able to send/receive, domain name renewal, and more), the web host’s in-house support are the go-to people. A professional web hosting service ensures a hassle-free experience for business owners, so they can efficiently focus their time and effort on their businesses.
Types of Web Hosting Services
There are various types of web hosting services available to host your website. Before signing up for web hosting services, it is important to understand what kind of service your website needs, the kind of server you or your business needs, your budget, and what type of services the web host offers.
Hosting options available are:
- Website Builders
- Shared Hosting
- Dedicated Hosting
- Collocated Hosting
- Website Builders:- Website builder services is a type of hosting service that caters to beginners who need to host a website, but lack the technical skills and knowledge to build one. Website builder services typically provide you with an online browser-based interface to build your website, and also host the website for you without any additional setup.
- Shared Hosting:- In a shared hosting environment, your and other website owners shared one server. This includes sharing the physical server and the software applications within the server. Shared hosting services are affordable because the cost to operate the server is shared between you and these other owners. There are, however, a number of down sides, such as being slower.
- Dedicated Hosting:- In a dedicated hosting environment, you have the entire web server to yourself. This allows for faster performance, as you have all the server’s resources entirely, without sharing with other website owners. However, this also means that you will be responsible for the cost of server operation entirely. This is a good choice for websites that requires a lot of system resources, or need a higher level of security.
- Collocated Hosting:- In this type of hosting, you will purchase your own server and have it housed at a web host’s facilities. You will be responsible for the server itself. An advantage of this type of hosting service is you have full control of the web server. You can install any scripts or applications you need.
8 Popular Types of Web Hosting Services
Think of this list as the progression of the type of hosting plans and services a growing online business can consider. With that said, let’s talk a look at the most common types of web hosting plans and determine which one would best serve the needs of your business; whether you are just starting an online business or looking to take your online venture to the next level.
- Shared Web Hosting:- Shared hosting means just that. Your website is hosted on a server shared by other websites. The advantage of this setup is the shared cost. You can pay as little as $5 to $10 per month for sharing a super server with (probably) hundreds (or thousands) of other websites.
biggest disadvantage of a shared hosting account is that you’re at the mercy of the other sites on your server. A really popular site may adversely affect the performance of your own site. On the other hand, if you’re the most popular site on the server, you get to use a super server for a very low price. When most people start an online business they usually start out with a shared hosting plan to minimize costs, and they’re not likely getting a ton of traffic initially. Shared hosting is good for a brochure type site or a newer site that doesn’t get a lot of traffic. Price Range: $5 to $20/month.
- Reseller Web Hosting :-Reseller hosting packages are basically a shared hosting account with extra tools to help you resell hosting space. Reseller packages come with greater technical control (often via the We
b Host Manager (WHM) control panel), billing software to help you invoice clients and other extra perks.Price range: Reseller packages range from $15 to $50, depending on features and resource limits.
If you’re planning on selling web hosting as a business then reseller web hosting is perfect for you. Otherwise, just stick with a shared hosting plan if you’re just starting out.
- Cloud Based Web Hosting:- Cloud Based Web Hosting refers to a fairly new hosting technology that lets hundreds of individual servers work together so that it looks like one giant server. The idea is that as the need grows, the hosting company can just add more commodity hardware to make an ever larger grid or cloud.
The advantage of cloud-based web hosting is that if you get an unusually large amount of website traffic the web hosting plan can accommodate the surge of traffic – rather than shutting your website down. If your website is growing and you’re driving more traffic to your website, this is probably the first point you would upgrade too from a shared hosting plan. Price Range: All grid computing packages use some form of the pay-for-what-you-use pricing structure.
- Virtual Private Server (VPS):- Virtual private servers share one physical server but act like multiple, separate servers.
A VPS is a stepping stone between shared hosting and getting your own dedicated machine. Even though each VPS instance shares hardware resources, they are allocated a dedicated slice of the computing resources. Price Range: Most VPS hosting packages cost between $50 and $200. Pricing is based on the guaranteed CPU and memory (RAM) you get.
- Dedicated Web Server:-When you have a dedicated server, it means you are renting one physical server from a hosting company. You can have full control (called “root” permissions in Linux) if you want it. With a dedicated server, you don’t have to worry about other websites on a shared server taking up your resources and slowing your website down.
A dedicated server is generally the highest level of server you would need if your online business grows into a presence that is getting a lot of website traffic. While the costs of a dedicated
server are significantly higher than shared hosting, your business will be at a point that can easily afford the necessary costs of having your own server.
Pricing: Dedicated servers are priced from $100 and up. But if you are considering a dedicated server, you should also consider the costs of hiring a system administrator to take care of the technical details.
- Collocation Web Hosting:-
When you collocation, you rent rack space from a data center. You bring in your own server hardware and they provide power, cooling, physical security, and an internet uplink. This means you’re responsible for your own server software, data storage, backup procedures, etc. If hardware fails, yo
u’re responsible for replacing it and getting the server back up and running. Unless you have the technical know-how in-house, collocation is probably not worth the investment in time, expertise, and money for most small businesses.
- Self Service Web Hosting:-
The ultimate hosting plan — you do it all yourself! You buy the servers, install and configure the software, make sure there are sufficient cooling and power in your machine room, and double up everything for redundancy. Some of the things you’ll have to take care of:
- data center space
- cooling power (with backup)
- server hardware
- systems administrator
- data integrity and backup
- … and the list goes on
Similar to collocation web hosting, this most likely beyond the scope of what you’d want to do as an online business owner.
- Managed WordPress Hosting:-
With the increasing popularity of WordPress as a web building platform, many web hosting servers are offering what are referred to as “Managed WordPress Hosting.
In a nutshell, managed WordPress hosting is a service where the web hosting provider will keep your WordPress installation up-to-date which can help protect your site from security threats that would allow hackers into your website.
While not as inexpensive as shared web hosting, this is a great option for both start-up businesses and established businesses that use the WordPress platform.
What is ASP Web Hosting?
ASP web hosting refers to web hosting companies who provide support for ASP, or Active Server Page.
What is ASP?
ASP/Active Server Pages are HTML pages with embedded ASP scripts. ASP scripts are processed on the server before the page is sent to the visitor’s browser. ASP allows you to create dynamic database driven pages, a visitor can access data in a database and interact with page objects such as Active X or Java components.
How does ASP work?
When you type in a URL in the Address Box of your browser, you are asking the web server to send the file to your computer. If the file is standard HTML, then the file that your web browser receives will look exactly the same as it did on the web server. However, if an ASP file is sent to your computer from the server, it first runs the HTML code, then the ASP code. The ASP code could be anything such as the current time, date, or other such information.
How to find an ASP web host?
You will need to find a web host who will host your website on a Windows server. It is safer to host your ASP pages on a Windows server as they are more stable and most ASP components work specific to Windows. You also need to consider if your website uses a database, such as SQL and Access. Make sure your web host provides support for the type of database your website requires.
Domain Name Server (DNS)
Each computer on the Internet is assigned a unique address, called an IP address. A typical IP address looks like this: 1
It is very difficult to keep in mind the IP addresses of all the websites we visit daily. Words are easier to remember than strings of numbers. This is where domain names come into the picture. When you visit a website, all you need to know is its URL. Computers remember numbers, and DNS helps us convert the URL into an IP address that the computer can understand.
When you type in domain.com into your browser, the browser first needs to get the IP address of www.techfestive.com. The browser contacts a DNS server to query the location of the server where the webpages are stored. Think of it as a directory service of IP address.
The classic phonebook directory analogy, you need to find the company “Joe’s Bookstore”, you look in the directory and see that it is located on 123 Main Street. Then you go to the address to visit the store.
Which Web Server – Linux or Windows?
The truth of the matter is these two web server platforms are functionally equivalent, it all depends on what are your hosting needs, and what are you most comfortable with.
Both platforms differ in cost, ease of use, versatility and stability. Windows costs more than Linux.
- Linux:- Allows for running scripts written in PHP, Perl, Python and other Unix-originated languages. It usually supports MySQL and PostgreSQL databases.
- Windows:- Allows for running ASP scripts and utilizing .NET and other Microsoft technologies. It supports Microsoft SQL Server and Access database.
If your website does not require any scripting support, you should choose Linux hosting because they are more economical. However, if your website needs scripting and database support, you should choose the platform that supports the technologies you use.
Features of a Hosting Plan
The basic features of a hosting plan include:
- Disk Space:- All hosting accounts offer a certain amount of disk space that you can use to store your web files. It is recommended that you have some sort of estimates on what you need for various tasks. How much space will you need for your emails, web files, databases, etc. By breaking down your usage, you can better estimate how much space you should go for.
- Email Accounts:- Email accounts are a common feature of hosting, especially if you are hosting a domain. There are three main types of email accounts: POP3, forwarding, and aliases.
- POP3 accounts are the traditional inboxes. You have space on the server to store your emails, and at the same time, you can use an email program to download your mail. Each login and password combination usually equates to one account.
- Forwarding mail accounts are useful if you are employing the service of another company to filter your emails for you. Rather than storing your emails on your mail server, emails are redirected to another email address.
- Aliases accounts are similar to forwarding mail accounts. Some hosts allow you to setup a catch-all alias, which is often used to collect emails sent to addresses not recognized by your mail server.
4) FTP Access:- After you have created your web pages on your computer, you need to transfer those files to your web server. The files are transferred to the server by use of FTP.
Can I host my website on my personal computer?
Yes, you can. But before you do so, there are limitations you need to take into consideration:
- You should know how to setup a WWW server software on your computer. This is a software that allows Internet users to access the web files on your computer.
- Your Internet service provider supports you running websites on your home computer. You will need to investigate your bandwidth quota.
- Your computer has to stay on at all times. Each time you turn it off or reboot, your website will become unavailable.
- Your website will load slowly as home internet connections are not designed for serving web pages.
Shared or Dedicated?
Before you make a decision, you need to understand what your hosting needs are, as these hosting services differ in terms of performance and price.
- Shared Hosting:- In a shared hosting environment, several websites are put on to a single server. This way, the web host can reduce its cost, and services will be cheaper. Limitations include limits on storage and bandwidth, and the performance of your website is largely affected by the needs of the other websites, as you will be sharing the same server resources. This hosting service is ideal for websites that do not require a lot of bandwidth, disk storage or CPU consumption.
- Dedicated Hosting:- In a dedicated hosting environment, your website is the only one hosted on the server. Because you are not sharing server resources with other websites, your limit is that of the server. This hosting service is for people who plan to run a very popular website, requires a lot of disk space or run scripts that requires more than average CPU consumption.